The town of Nhulunbuy (pronounced Nool-un-boy) is the main population centre in the East Arnhem Land region and was established in 1971 when the bauxite mine and alumina refinery were originally constructed. While Nhulunbuy is the name of the town, and Gove the name of the peninsula and airport, you may often hear the two names used interchangeably.

Nhulunbuy and its surrounding areas are Indigenous-owned private land, with the township, mine, refinery and other areas covered by special lease.  Permits are required to visit recreational areas and alcohol permit system exists [see
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Our location is magic, we are at the point where the Gulf of Carpentaria meets the Arafura Sea. With a population of around 3800, Nhulunbuy has all the facilities expected in a modern town - three schools, hospital, two shopping centres with a wide variety of shops, library, bank and EFTPOS services, restaurants, health and dental clinics and lots of sporting venues. It also hosts a surf club, yacht club, sport and social clubs and a golf club with an impressive nine-hole course.
Nhulunbuy is accessible via daily flights from Darwin or Cairns with Airnorth and Qantas link or travel by four-wheel drive (over 1000km from Darwin via Katherine) on a largely unsealed road which is closed during the wet season.

The 'dry season' (May-Oct) is the ideal time to visit with daytime temperatures between 28-30C, cool night 15-18C and a monthly rainfall rarely more than 50mm. The 'wet season' (Nov-Apr) brings warmer humid days (31-35C) with monthly rains of up to 300mm with tropical storms and the occasional cyclone.

Gove Airport holiday unique wet dry season remote Northern Territory East Arnhem Land travel tips